What is CLIL?
As it’s indicated by the acronym CLIL “Content and Language Integrated Learning”, pupils learn contents, values… through the medium of the foreign language.
CLIL has reference situations where students are taught through a foreign language with dual-focused aim, namely the learning of content, and the simultaneous learning of a foreign language.
There are several models of CLIL:
- “Integrated” or “embedded”: Primary pupils experiment with elements of the TL.
- Meanings that matter: Attractive topic and age appropriate. In addition, work with other schools, students…
- Bilingual or immersion learning: Teaching a topic in a style that includes learning another language.
The aims which we expect that children have to achieve are:
- Obtain knowledge of the target language.
- Attain necessary skills in the target language.
- Acquire necessary skills in the mother tongue.
- Comprehend and respect both cultures.
- Develop cognitive and social skills.
Benefits of CLIL
The benefits of the CLIL Methodology are infinites.
In other words:
- Naturalistic learning.
- Meaningful and real communication.
- Primacy of meaning over form.
- Affective gains.
- Communicative competence.
Characteristics and examples
CLIL lessons integrate language both receptive and productive skills, with reading and listening activities. The language is functional and determined by the context of the subject, and is approached lexically rather grammatically.
– Communication: Using language to learn whilst learning to use language.
– Content:Progression in knowledge, skills and understanding related to specific elements of a defined curriculum.
– Culture: Exposure to alternative perspectives and shared understandings, which deepen awareness of otherness and self.
– Cognitive: Developing thinking skills which link concept formation (abstract and concrete), understanding and language.